Myanmar lies at the crossroads of Asia’s greatest civilizations, China and India. Being the 25th most populated, and 40th largest country in the world, Myanmar extends from the sunny silver beaches and diving islandresorts in the Andaman Sea, right up to the snow-capped mountains of Eastern Himalayas, creating a heterogenous wonder of smiling peoples, precious nature and enriched cultures. National Geographic’s Traveler magazine listed Myanmar as 1 of the top 50 destinations of a life time for every tourist. It is a “must see”.
The country’s official name was changed to ‘Myanmar’ since 1989. Capital of Myanmar is now ‘Nay Pyi Taw’. Ancient capital cities of Myanmar had many interesting names: Suvanabhumi (Golden Land), Amarapura (land of no death), Yadanabon (land of gems), etc. The earliest prehistoric primates known today is called Pondaung Man, who resided in Pondaung, northern Myanmar about 40 million years ago. Because of that, some call Myanmar, the land of human origin. Brick ruins from a number of Pyu city-states in central Myanmar were from 4,000 BC, somewhat contemporary with Babylonia and Mesopotamia, earliest civilizations of the world. Aside from many city-states, there were 3 wholly-united Myanmar Empires. The First Myanmar Empire was founded after King Anawrahtar in AD 1044, who organized the whole country into a single sovereign. Founding of the Second Myanmar Empire was in AD 1287. Konbaung Dynasty (Third Myanmar Empire) existed between 1752 – 1886. Myanmar borders China, India, Thailand, Laos, and Bangladesh. The country stretches 581 miles from east to west and 1,275 miles from north to south. Over 100 national races formed up a nation of approximately 54 million inhabitants. Major nationalities are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan.